History of the Belvedere Palace
The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere (Austrian Gallery Belvedere) is one of the world's most important museums with collections spanning from the Middle Ages to the present day.
The museum is situated in the Belvedere Palace, which Prince Eugene of Savoy had built as summer residence. There are two palace buildings: the Upper Belvedere and the Lower Belvedere.
The two buildings are linked by a unique baroque garden, based on French and Italian examples with its many sculptures, fountains, greenhouses for exotic plants and a large voliere. The park was one of the most lavish and elaborate European gardens of the 18th century.
The Upper Belvedere houses the world-famous collection of the 19th and 20th centuries, including works of the Biedermeier era (Waldmüller, Markart, ...), works by French Impressionists like Monet, Manet and Renoir as well as important masterpieces from Klimt, Schiele and Kokoschka.
Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663 - 1736) was a French born nobleman who served three consecutive Habsburg emperors as a general and statesman. During his brilliant career he amassed considerable wealth and became a connoisseur of fine architecture, art and books.